Pinan Kata ( Ichi, Ni, San, Yon, Go )

The Pinan - 平安 were originated in Okinawa by Anko Itosu sensei from older Kata such as Kusanku and Channan into forms suitable for teaching Karate to young students. When Gichin Funakoshi brought Karate to Japan, he renamed the Kata to Heian, which is translated as ‘peaceful and safe’. Pinan is the Okinawan pronunciation of the characters Hei - 平, meaning 'peace', and An - 安, meaning 'relax'. Though the physical moves of Kata involve techniques used for fighting, the purpose of Kata is to develop a calm, peaceful mind and harmony between the mind and body.


The Pinan were made in the form as we now know it by Anko Itosu sensei in 1905. Anko Itosu, a teacher on Okinawa, was born in the village of Yamagawa in the Shuri region. One of the stories surrounding the creation of this Kata claims that Anko Itosu learned the Kata from a Chinese man who lived in Okinawa and called it ‘Channan’. This original form of the Channan Kata has been lost. But, it's more likely that Anko Itosu created a Pinan Dai ('the great Pinan') from the older Kata: Kusanku Dai, Gojushiho and maybe Bassai Dai. This Kata had to act as a beginner Kata for school lessons and be easier to learn than the more complex and advanced Kata that are usually taught later. After completing his new Kata, Pinan Dai, he changed his mind about learning such a long Kata for beginners and cut it into five parts and then renamed it by analogy of Godai - 五大, the Japanese Five Elements Philosophy: Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Emptiness.


Masutatsu Oyama implemented the five Pinan Kata in Kyokushin Karate with a few modifications, to adapt the Kata to the Kyokushin system, with its own modes and techniques, where more emphasis is placed on strength. In the 1980s, Masutatsu Oyama developed the Pinan Kata – URA. De Ura or 'reverse' Kata, were a form to develop balance and skill in circular movements (turning) against multiple opponents.


Once these five Pinan Katas and their applications have been mastered, the Karateka can be confident in his/her ability to defend themselve in most situations, keeping him/her safe from being harm. The Pinans are taught to various beginner ranks according to their difficulty.


Known as the Northern Kata within Kyokushin Karate, Pinan were adapted by Sosai Masutatsu Oyama from his background in the Shuri-Te tradition, as 4th than in Shotokan Karate, which he learned from sensei Gichin Funakoshi.


This is the first Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Shodan - 平安初段 is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. It develops body positioning and a number of defensive techniques and a number attacking techniques in Oi-Tsuki. In Pinan Sono Ichi, above all the leg movements and changes of direction, the posture of the upper body and the tension control are focused upon. This Kata is considered the ‘Earth’ Kata.

Pinan sono Ichi - 平安初段
video instructions

This is the first Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Shodan - 平安初段 is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. It develops body positioning and a number of defensive techniques and a number attacking techniques in Oi-Tsuki. In Pinan Sono Ichi, above all the leg movements and changes of direction, the posture of the upper body and the tension control are focused upon. This Kata is considered the ‘Earth’ Kata.


# Explanation step by step 7e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO ICHI followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI turn left 90° counterclockwise (Kyū-jū) into left ZENKUTSU DACHI blocking left GEDAN BARAI (pull the right hand back in HIKITE position).
2. Step forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI punching right CHUDAN OI TSUKI.
3. Move the back foot across and turn 180° clockwise (Byaku hachi-jū) to the right into right ZENKUTSU DACHI blocking right GEDAN BARAI.

Slide the right foot back into NEKO ASHI DACHI, strike right TETTSUI KOME KAME UCHI.
4. Move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch left CHUDAN OI TSUKI.
5. Bring the left foot across 90° counterclockwise to the left into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block left GEDAN BARAI.
6. Step forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right JODAN UKE (1).

When stepping forward, don’t turn your front foot into 45°, this will happen when you punch and twist your hips an whole body.
7. Step forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block left JODAN UKE (2).
8. Step forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right JODAN UKE with KIAI (3).
9. Slide the left foot across and turn through 270° counterclockwise (Ni-bayku nana-jū) into left ZENKUTSU DACHI blocking left GEDAN BARAI.
10. Step forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI punching right CHUDAN OI TSUKI.
11. Slide the right foot across and turn 180° clockwise to the left into right ZENKUTSU DACHI blocking right GEDAN BARAI.
12. Step forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI punching left CHUDAN OI TSUKI.
13. Bring the left foot across 90° counterclockwise to the left into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block left GEDAN BARAI.
14. Step forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI punching right CHUDAN OI TSUKI (1).
15. Step forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI punching left CHUDAN OI TSUKI (2).
16. Step forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI punching right CHUDAN OI TSUKI with KIAI (3).
17. Slide the left foot across and turn through 270° counterclockwise into left KOKUSTU DACHI blocking left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
18. Step forward Migi Mae Naname at 45° clockwise into right KOKUTSU DACHI punching right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
19. Slide the right foot across and turn 135° clock-wise to the right into right KOKUTSU DACHI blocking right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
20. Step forward HIDARI MAE NANAME at 45° counterclockwise to the left into left KOKUTSU DACHI blocking left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
On the NAORE command return 45° counterclockwise to the left into FUDO DACHI.
Pull left foot back to the base position, still looking right until the turn is completed.

At the command YASUME relax and at ease.


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Video

Pinan sono Ichi
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Pinan sono Ichi


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi
Neko Ashi Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Chudan Oi Tsuki
Tettsui Kome Kame Uchi


Uke Waza

Gedan Barai
Jodan Uke
Shuto Mawashi Uke


Geri Waza


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Hikite - 引き手 means drawing hand: Hiku - 引き, to draw or pull, and Te - 手, the hand.Hikite
Migi Mae Naname
Hidari Mae Naname

Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume


Pinan sono Ni - 平安二段
video instructions

This is the second Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Nidan - 平安二段, is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. It develops also a number of defensive and attacking techniques. Body positioning is developed with the execution of different stands. In Pinan Sono Ni the ballance and the control of the body are focused upon. This Kata is considered the ‘Water’ Kata, fast and smooth, Pinan Nidan comes to his own in smooth and relaxed movements.


# Explanation step by step 6e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO NI followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI move the left foot to the left and turn turn left 90° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and pull simultaneously the right fist back to the right side in the ready punch position and the left fist is positioned immediately on, and vertical to, the right fist (right WAKI NO KAMAE). Execute simultaneously the left arm in UCHI UKE and the right arm in JODAN UKE.
2. Still in the KOKUTSU DACHI block the opponent's attack firmly with right TETTSUI HIZO UCHI . The left fist is simultaneously brought back over the right shoulder so that the elbow is level with the jaw (n.b. the back of the fist faces upwards). Slide through with the left leg into KIBA DACHI, looking to the left and attack with left TETTSUI JODAN YOKO UCHI, simultaneously pull the right fist into the HIKITE (ready punch) position.
3. Pull the right leg back into right KOKUTSU DACHI, at the same time turning the body 180° clockwise, simultaneously the left fist back to the left side in the ready punch position and the right fist is positioned immediately on, and vertical to, the left fist (left WAKI NO KAMAE). Execute simultaneously the right arm in UCHI UKE and the left arm in JODAN UKE.
4. Still in the KOKUTSU DACHI block the opponent's attack firmly with left TETTSUI HIZO UCHI. Slide through with the right leg into KIBA DACHI, looking to the right and attack with right TETTSUI JODAN YOKO UCHI , simultaneously pull the left fist into the HIKITE position.
5. Bring the right leg back turning 90° counterclockwise into TSURU ASHI DACHI and simultaneously bring the fists into left WAKI no KAMAE. Kick JODAN YOKO GERI and strike URAKEN JODAN YOKO UCHI with the right fist (n.b. the left fist remains in the ready punch position).

Place the right foot on the ground behind the left foot and turn 180° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.

6. Move forward into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE (1).
7. Move forward into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE (2).
8. While moving into right ZENKUTSU DACHI, block left SHOTEI OSAE UKE, and at the the end of the movement strike right CHUDAN YONHON NUKITE with KIAI.
9. Move the left foot at 90° counterclockwise and pivot on the right foot into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
10. Move forward at 45° clockwise into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
11. Move the right foot 135° clockwise and pivot on the left foot into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
12. Move forward at 45° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
13. Move the left leg across at 45° counterclockwise to the left into left ZENKUTSU DACHI, simultaneously bring the left hand to the level of your right jaw (inside of your hand is faced outwards) and the right hand in addition block the opponent’s kick with right HAITO UKE (as if scooping up). Continue this movement slowly (in 3 seconds) by closing the hands and making a right UCHI UKE.
14. Keeping the arms in position and kick right JODAN MAE GERI and move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch left CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI.
15. Block slowly with left UCHI UKE in a count of three. Keeping the arms in this position and kick left JODAN MAE GERI and move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch right CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI.
16. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right MOROTE CHUDAN UKE (the right fist should come from the left shoulder).
17. Slide the left foot at 270° counterclockwise and pivot on the right foot into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block GEDAN BARAI.
18. In the same stance strike directly with the left hand JODAN NIHON NUKITE at 45° clockwise and move forward MIGI MAE NANAME at 45° clockwise into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right JODAN UKE.
19. Slide the right foot across and turn 135° clockwise to the right into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block GEDAN BARAI.
20. In the same stance strike directly with the right hand a right JODAN NIHON NUKITE at 45° counterclockwise and move forward HIDARI MAE NANAME at 45° counterclockwise into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block left JODAN UKE and KIAI.
On the NAORE command return 45° counterclockwise to the left into FUDO DACHI (pull left foot back to the base position, stil looking right until the turn is completed).

At the command YASUME relax and at ease.


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Video

Pinan sono Ni
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Pinan sono Ni


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi
Kiba Dachi
Tsuri Ashi Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Tettsui Hizo Uchi
Tettsui Jodan Yoko Uchi
Uraken Jodan Yoko Uchi
Chudan Yonhon Nukite
Chudan Gyaku Tsuki
Jodan Yonhon Nukite


Uke Waza

Uchi Uke / Jodan Uke
Shuto Mawashi Uke
Shotei Osae Uke
Haito Uke
Morote Uchi Uke
Gedan Barai
Jodan Uke


Geri Waza

Jodan Yoko Geri
Jodan Mae Geri


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Hikite - 引き手 means drawing hand: Hiku - 引き, to draw or pull, and Te - 手, the hand.Hikite
Waki no Kamae
Migi Mae Naname
Hidari Mae Naname

Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume


Pinan sono San - 平安三段
video instructions

This is the third Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Sandan - 平安三段, is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. It develops also a number of defensive and attacking techniques. Body positioning is developed with the execution of different stands. Pinan sono San contains many techniques for close combat and focuses on the usage of Kiba Dachi. This Kata is considered the Fire element. Think of fire and see how the flames move. Compare these movements to those of the Kata. The Kata starts small, travels with the wind in fast forward movements. Pinan Sandan is the most peculiar of all base Kata.


# Explanation step by step 5e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO SAN followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI move the left foot to the left and turn 90° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left UCHI UKE.
2. Bring the right foot to the left foot into MUSUBI DACHI and at the same time position the right hand in a GEDAN BARAI position. Block right UCHI UKE / GEDAN BARAI.
3. Block left Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai.
4. Move the right foot back 180° clockwise into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right UCHI UKE.
5. Bring the left foot to the right foot into MUSUBI DACHI and at the same time position the left hand in a GEDAN BARAI position. Block left UCHI UKE / GEDAN BARAI.
6. Block right Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai.
7. Move the left foot at 90° counterclockwise into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block MOROTE UCHI UKE.
8. Block left SHUTO OSAE UKE and return the right hand open to the ready punch position. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and strike right CHUDAN YONHON NUKITE.
9. Pivot on the right foot in an counterclockwise 180° and spin into KIBA DACHI, simultaneously the left arm comes over the right one (hands are closing to a fist). On completion of the turn, into KIBA DACHI, strike left TETTSUI JODAN YOKO UCHI .
10. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI, punch right CHUDAN OI TSUKI with KIAI.
11. Pivot on the right foot and turn 180° counterclockwise into MUSUBI DACHI simultaneously placing the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (both of fists are facing forward on the hips).

After this position has been taken there is a slight pause for a mental count of two before the next technique.
12. Kick right JODAN MAE GERI bring the foot back and place it down turning your body 90° counterclockwise into KIBA DACHI, immediately block with right CHUDAN HIJI UKE, keeping the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (1).
13. Strike right URAKEN CHUDAN YOKO UCHI and return the fist to the hip position.
14. Kick left JODAN MAE GERI bring the foot back and place it down turning your body 90° clockwise into KIBA DACHI, immediately block left CHUDAN HIJI UKE, , keeping the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (2).
15. Strike left URAKEN CHUDAN YOKO UCHI and return the fist to the hip position.
16. Kick right JODAN MAE GERI bring the foot back and place it down turning your body 90° counterclockwise into KIBA DACHI, immediately block with right CHUDAN HIJI UKE, , keeping the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (3).
17. Strike right URAKEN CHUDAN YOKO UCHI and return the fist to the hip position.
18. Move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch left CHUDAN OI TSUKI.
19. Move the right foot forward to the left (into HEIKO DACHI), immediately move across into KIBA DACHI and continue the movement by KAITEN ASHI (turning 180° counterclockwise on the right foot) into another KIBA DACHI, simultaneously strike left USHIRO HIJI ATE and right JODAN USHIRO TSUKI.
20. Keeping the arms in the same position jump to the right, leading with the left foot (hook your leg), land in KIBA DACHI and strike right USHIRO HIJI-ATE and left USHIRO TSUKI with KIAI.
On the NAORE command return to FUDO DACHI (pull left foot back to the base position).


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Video

Pinan sono San
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Pinan sono San


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi
Mosubi Dachi
Kiba Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Chudan Yonhon Nukite
Tettsui Jodan Yoko Uchi
Chudan Oi Tsuki
Uraken Sayu Ganmen Uchi
Hiji Ushiro Ate
Jodan Ushiro Tsuki


Uke Waza

Uchi Uke
Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai
Morote Uchi Uke
Shuto Osae Uke
Hiji Chudan Ate


Geri Waza

Jodan Mae Geri


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Ryo Ken Koshi Kamae
Kaiten Ashi
Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume


Pinan sono Yon - 平安四段
video instructions

This is the fourth Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Yondan - 平安四段, is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. The flow of Pinan Yondan is characterized by the dynamic use of ‘double defense’ movements and foot techniques. With many high kicks and hand techniques, one could regard Pinan Yondan as the ‘Wind’ Kata. The air, from the lungs of the Karateka, is undoubtedly a performance of wind while performing the Kata. The kicks are also an indication of nature and the wind.


# Explanation step by step 4e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO ICHI followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. Begin the Kata from the base KAMAE-position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO ICHI followed by the command YOI perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.

On the command HAJIME/ICHI turn left 90° anti-clockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI, simultaneously the right fist is pulled back to the right side in the ready punch position and the left fist is positioned immediately on, and vertical to, the right fist (right WAKI NO KAMAE). Without moving the body or its direction, simultaneously move the left arm into a SHUTO UCHI UKE and raise the right arm into a SHUTO JODAN UKE (to the side of the head).


2. Move the left foot across turning the body 180° clockwise into right KOKUTSU DACHI simultaneously pulling the left and right fist back into left WAKI NO KAMAE. Without moving the body or its direction, and move the right arm across into a SHUTO UCHI UKE and raise the left arm into a SHUTO JODAN UKE.
3. Move the left foot at 90° anti-clockwise, position the hands by the right ear in the SEIKEN JUJI position, and complete the turn into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and simultaneously block right SEIKEN JUJI GEDAN UKE (right arm above left).
4. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right MOROTE UCHI UKE (the right fist comes from the left shoulder).
5. Bring the left leg slowly into TSURU ASHI DACHI, move the right and left fists back into right WAKI NO KAMAE.
6. Kick left JODAN YOKO GERI and simultaneously strike left URAKEN YOKO UCHI (the right fist remains in ready position). Bring the left foot back into TSURU ASHI DACHI and open the left fist in the SHUTO position then step down to the left into left ZENKUTSU DACHI. While turning the hips 90° anti-clockwise into the stance, strike right HIJI JODAN ATE, hitting the open left hand.
7. Turn body 45° and lift the right leg slowly into TSURU ASHI DACHI, move the left and right fists back into left WAKI NO KAMAE.
8. Kick right JODAN YOKO GERI and simultaneously strike right URAKEN YOKO UCHI. Bring the right foot back into TSURU ASHI DACHI and open the right fist in the SHUTO position then step down to the right into ZENKUTSU DACHI. While turning the hips into the stance, strike left HIJI JODAN ATE, hitting the open hand.
9. Partially turn the upper body and head 135° anti-clockwise to the left retaining the ZENKUTSU DACHI stance, bring the right hand behind the head in the SHUTO position and extend the left arm with the hand open in a SHUTO JODAN cover position so that it is level with your head. Complete the turn into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and strike right GYAKU SHUTO YOKO GANMEN UCHI (the strike must not pass across the body's centre line) and at the same time pull the left hand back so that it is one fist away from the forehead with the palm facing away from the body.
10. Kick right JODAN MAE GERI at 45° clockwise (from 135° ZENKUTSU DACHI position) with the hands in the same position (to the front). Pull the right leg back into the TSURU ASHI DACHI position and cover with left SHOTEI and prepare to strike with right URAKEN. Jump to the front into right KAKE DACHI and as you land in KAKE DACHI strike right URAKEN SHOMEN UCHI with KIAI (as you strike the left hand moves outside the right and returns to the left ready punch position, closed).
11. From KAKE DACHI turn 135° anti-clockwise to the left moving the left foot into left ZENKUTSU DACHI simultaneously execute a slow MOROTE GEDAN BARAI (KAKE WAKE UKE - downwards cross arm block with the hands closed, left over right).
12. Kick right CHUDAN MAE GERI and move into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and execute NIHON CHUDAN TSUKI (left and right).
13. Move the right leg across 90° to the right (do not bring the feet together) into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and execute a slow MOROTE GEDAN BARAI (KAKE WAKE UKE- downwards cross arm block with the hands closed, right over left).
14. Kick left CHUDAN MAE GERI and move into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and execute NIHON CHUDAN TSUKI (right and left).
15. Move to the left 45° into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and position the arms for MOROTE UKE complete the turn and execute a left MOROTE UCHI UKE block.
16. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right MOROTE UCHI UKE.
17. Move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block left MOROTE UCHI UKE.
18. Open both hands and grab for an imaginary opponent's head to the front.
19. Pull your hands down, kick right HIZA GERI and KIAI (as if pulling the opponent's head onto your knee). Place the right foot left in front of you and turn 180° into a left KOKUTSU DACHI and execute a SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
20. Move forward into right KOKUTSU DACHI and execute a SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
On the NAORE command return to FUDO DACHI (pull left foot back to the base position, stil looking right until the turn is completed).


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Video

Pinan sono Yon
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Pinan sono Yon


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi
Tsuri Ashi Dachi
Kake Dachi


Te Waza

Uraken Jodan Yoko Uchi
Hiji Jodan Ate
Shuto Gamnen Uchi
Uraken Sayu Ganmen Uchi
Nihon Chudan Tsuki


Uke Waza

Shuto Uchi Uke / Jodan Uke
Juji Gedan Uke
Morote Gedan Barai
Kake Wake Uke
Shuto Mawashi Uke


Geri Waza

Jodan Yoko Geri
Chudan Mae Geri
Hiza Geri


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Hikite - 引き手 means drawing hand: Hiku - 引き, to draw or pull, and Te - 手, the hand.Hikite
Waki no Kamae
Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume


Pinan sono Go - 平安五段
video instructions

Pinan Godan - 平安五段 is the last Kata in the Pinan group and is practiced in order to unite several of the core aspects of Karate. Defense of Jodan, Chudan and Gedan areas. Seizing and countering an opponent’s attack, followed with change of direction (in order to face next opponent). Use of jump, parry and counter techniques in conjunction with flowing techniques.
The execution of this Kata places high emphasis on rhythm and timing. It contains techniques for close combat and focuses on the usage of Kiba Dachi. The flow of Pinan Godan is characterized by the dynamic use of ‘double defense’ movements and foot techniques (Ashi Sabaki). It is the Kata of the ‘Emptiness’. During the jump you are 'loose' from the ground, from an opponent, of everything. The Karateka should now master enough basic techniques to stand up in a self-defense situation and there may be a ‘Peaceful Spirit’.

# Explanation step by step 2e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO GO followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. Begin the Kata from the base KAMAE-position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO ICHI followed by the command YOI perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.

On the command HAJIME/ICHI turn left 90° anti-clockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI, block left UCHI UKE and punch right CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI.
2. Turning 90° return the left foot into HEISOKU DACHI simultaneously the right fist is pulled slowly back into right WAKI no KAMAE (left fist on top of the right one).
3. Move the right foot across and turn 90° into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right UCHI UKE and punch left CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI.
4. Turning 90° anti-clockwise return the right foot into HEISOKU DACHI simultaneously the left fist is pulled slowly back into left WAKI no KAMAE (right fist on top of the left one).
5. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right MOROTE UCHI UKE.
6. Move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block JUJI GEDAN UKE (the block is executed from the JUJI position from the right ear).
7. Drive both arms up into SHUTO JUJI JODAN UKE (left arm under right).
8. Execute a twisting movement with both SHUTO hands and them pull them back into right SHUTO WAKI no KAMAE (left SHUTO hand on top of the right one).
9. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI, punch right CHUDAN OI TSUKI and KIAI simultaneously pulling the left hand back closed to the ready punch position.
10. Turn 180° anti-clockwise, pivoting on the left foot, blocking right leg TEISOKU UKE and prepare to block GEDAN BARAI (the leg block is executed as if being attacked from behind and the left hand covers the groin), stamp with the right foot into KIBA DACHI and block right GEDAN BARAI with KIAI.
11. Quickly turn your head 180° anti-clockwise to the left and bring the right palm in front of your face to cover with SHOTEI (the open left hand is positioned under the right arm). Bring the left hand slowly from under the right arm pit and block HAISHU UKE at approximately head height, simultaneously pulling the right hand back closed to the ready punch position.
12. Kick a hard and fast right with TEISOKU MAWASHI GERI on your left open hand. Return the right leg in TSURI ASHI DACHI and strike the left open hand with a right HIJI JODAN UCHI. Continue the movement by jumping into KAKE DACHI and block with right MOROTE UCHI UKE.
13. From the KAKE DACHI position, turn your head 180° anti-clockwise and step at 90° anti-clockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI, simultaneously strike a right MOROTE JODAN AGE TSUKI.
14. Pull both fists back into the ready punch position, whilst leaping in the air turning 90° anti-clockwise to the left, and land into a low KAKE DACHI blocking JUJI GEDAN UKE and KIAI.
15. Move the right foot across and turn 90° clockwise into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right MOROTE UCHI UKE.
16. Move the left foot at 45° ant-clockwise to the right, pivoting on the right foot, into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block a right SHOTEI GEDAN UKE, whilst bringing your left SHUTO hand up to the right ear.
17. Turn the hips 90° ant-clockwise into left KIBA DACHI, pull the right hand back and extend it fully upwards above the right shoulder with the fist closed, simultaneously block left GEDAN BARAI and keep the head facing the direction of the block (MANJI UKE).
18. Retaining the arm positions bring the left foot to the right, at 45° anti-clockwise, into MUSUBI DACHI.
19. Move the right foot at 45° to the right, into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block a left SHOTEI GEDAN UKE, whilst bringing your right SHUTO hand up to the left ear.
20. Turn the hips 90° clockwise into right KIBA DACHI, pull the left hand back and extend it fully upwards above the left shoulder with fist closed, simultaneously block right GEDAN BARAI and keep the head facing the direction of the block (MANJI UKE).
On the NAORE command move the right foot at 45° clockwise back into FUDO DACHI.


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Video

Pinan sono go
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Pinan sono San


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi
Mosubi Dachi
Kiba Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Chudan Yonhon Nukite
Tettsui Jodan Yoko Uchi
Chudan Oi Tsuki
Uraken Sayu Ganmen Uchi
Hiji Ushiro Ate
Jodan Ushiro Tsuki


Uke Waza

Uchi Uke
Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai
Morote Uchi Uke
Shuto Osae Uke
Hiji Chudan Ate


Geri Waza

Jodan Mae Geri


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Ryo Ken Koshi Kamae
Kaiten Ashi
Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume