Naifanchin (Shodan, Nidan, Sandan)

Naifanchin (ナイファンチ) is a very old Okinawan kata and belongs to the Tomari-te traditions. The meaning of the name Naifanchi is Internal Divided Conflict.

In Shotokan the name and Kata embussen was changed to Tekki (鉄騎), which translates to Iron Horse.

It was originally removed from the Kyokushin syllabus in the late 1950s, but was reintroduced into the Kyokushin Kan Style.

The Kata is somewhat unique in that it is entirely performed in a straddle or horse stance Kiba Dachi (騎馬立ち). The form makes use of close in-fighting techniques combined with whole body movement (Tai Sabaki) and grappling. However, while the Kata movies side to side, the techniques can be applied against attackers at any angle.

Naifanchin Shodan kata is a very old Okinawan kata, also known as Tekki in Shotokan. It is generally classified as belonging to the Tomari-te traditions. The name Tekki translates to “iron horse” but the meaning of the name Naihanchi is “internal divided conflict”. It was originally removed from the kyokushin syllabus in the late 1950s, but was reintroduced into some kyokushin factions after Oyama’s death and the resulting fractioning of the organization.

Naihanchi (ナイハンチ) (or Naifanchi (ナイファンチ), Tekki (鉄騎)) is a karate Kata, performed in straddle stance (naihanchi-dachi (ナイハンチ立ち) / kiba-dachi (騎馬立ち)). It translates to 'internal divided conflict'. The form makes use of in-fighting techniques (i.e. tai sabaki (whole body movement)) and grappling. There are three modern kata derived from this (Shodan, Nidan and Sandan). Some believe Nidan and Sandan were created by Anko Itosu, but others believe that it was originally one kata broken into three separate parts (probably due to constraints of space). The fact that only Naihanchi/Tekki Shodan has a formal opening suggests the kata was split.

Whilst the kata is linear, moving side to side, the techniques can be applied against attackers at any angle. The side to side movements in a low stance build up the necessary balance and strength for fast footwork and body shifting. The kata are intricate strategies of attacking and defensive movement, done in the kiba dachi, for the purpose of conditioning the legs to develop explosive power. If one rotates one's torso a few degrees to one side or the other while performing Naihanchi/Tekki, the result is the Hachi-monji, or figure eight stance.

Naifanchin (ナイファンチ) is a very old Okinawan kata and belongs to the Tomari-te traditions. The meaning of the name Naifanchi is Internal Divided Conflict.

In Shotokan the name and Kata embussen was changed to Tekki (鉄騎), which translates to Iron Horse.

It was originally removed from the Kyokushin syllabus in the late 1950s, but was reintroduced into the Kyokushin Kan Style.

The Kata is somewhat unique in that it is entirely performed in a straddle or horse stance Kiba Dachi (騎馬立ち). The form makes use of close in-fighting techniques combined with whole body movement (Tai Sabaki) and grappling. However, while the Kata movies side to side, the techniques can be applied against attackers at any angle.



Naihanchi (ナイハンチ) or Tekki (鉄騎) is a karate Kata, performed in horse stance. The form makes use of in-fighting techniques (i.e. tai sabaki (whole body movement)) and grappling. There are three modern Kata derived from this; Shodan, Nidan and Sandan.


Known as the Northern Kata within Kyokushin Karate, Taikyoku sono Ichi was adapted by Sosai Masutatsu Oyama from his background in the Shuri-Te tradition, as 4th than in Shotokan Karate, which he learned from sensei Gichin Funakoshi.

Naifanchin Shodan
video instructions

Naifanchin Shodan is the first Kata in the Naifanchin series and is also the first Kata that does not start in the traditional yoi position. Having 29 counts, it is performed almost entirely in a horse stance.

The embusen is simply a straight line. Since there is no forward or backward movement, all footwork is accomplished in a sideways manner using the crossing step, or kosa ashi.

For proper Kata performance, obviously a strong horse stance is essential, but the student must also understand the difference between hip rotation and hip vibration, similar but slightly distinct concepts. Often neglected but of great importance, head turns must be stressed in this Kata. Head turns are regarded as a single count of the Kata and must be performed sharply.


# Explanation s tep by step Black Belt
Begin the Kata in FUDO DACHI.

On the command Naifanchin Shodan move the right foot into Heisoku Dachi. Place the right open hand over the left one (opposite as in MOSUBI DACHI KAMAE).

At the command REI bow.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI look to the left opponent, followed by looking at the opponent on the right, lower the body and slowly cross the left foot in front of the right foot, heel raised, into left MAE KOSA ASHI, while hands still stretched in front of you.
2. Put the left heel on the ground, then take a big step into KIBA DACHI, while making a right Haishu uke hand (left is a fist).
3. In the same position, still in kiba dachi, make a left CHUDAN HIJI ATE in the right open hand. The hips remain in front.
4. In the same position make a right Koshi no kamae (left fist obove the right one) and turn face to the left.
5. In the same position block with a left GEDAN BARAI, right fist in HIKITE.
6. In the same position strike a right CHUDAN KAGI TSUKI (right fist is not moving out from the body), left fist HIKITE.
7. Move to the left, with the right foot cross in front of the left into MAE KOSA ASHI.
8. Put the right heel on the ground, then lift the left knee high and hit left with a crushing kick (fumikomi) to get in the position of kiba dachi. Simultaneously, while stamping, make a right UCHI UDE UKE, left fist HIKITE. Look to the front and also the hips remain in front.
9. Stil in position, kiba dachi, parry simultaneously a low right gedan barai and a swept defense high left nagashi uke. The hips remain in front.
10. Immediately chained with a direct left-hand high-level punch (URAKEN GANMEN UCHI), left elbow resting on the back of the right fist (in a right KAGI TSUKI-position), to the opponent’s face, with KIAI. Look in front of you.
11. Turn the head to the left.
12. Make a left nami gaeshi (kick sweep up the left foot).
13. The nami gaeshi ends into kiba-dachi, simultaneously block a left Chudan Ude Uke (fist in TETTSUI in blocking direction), right fist always under the left elbow.
14. Turn the head to the right.
15. Make a right nami gaeshi.
16. The nami gaeshi ends into kiba-dachi, simultaneously block with the same arm a CHUDAN Ude Uke (fist turns) to the right, right fist still under the left elbow.
17. In the same position make a right Koshi no kamae (left fist obove the right one) and turn face to the left.
18. Strike a MOROTE TSUKI to the left (simultaneously a left JUN TSUKI, left hand slightly ahead comes down below shoulder height, and a right KAGI TSUKI) with KIAI.
19. With the left hand make a big cirkel-movement that end into HAISHU UKE . Right fist into HIKITE.
20. In the same position strike a right HIJI ATE in the left open hand.
21. In the same position make a left Koshi no kamae (right fist obove the left one) and turn face to the right.
22. In the same position block with a right GEDAN BARAI, left fist in HIKITE.
23. In the same position strike a left CHUDAN KAGI TSUKI (left fist is not moving out from the body), right fist HIKITE.
24. Move to the right, with the left foot cross in front of the right into MAE KOSA ASHI.
25. Put the left heel on the ground, then lift the right knee high and hit right with a crushing kick (fumikomi) to get in the position of kiba dachi. Simultaneously, while stamping, make a left UCHI UDE UKE, right fist HIKITE. Look to the front and also the hips remain in front.
26. Stil in position, kiba dachi, parry simultaneously a low left gedan barai and a swept defense high right nagashi uke. The hips remain in front.
27. Immediately chained with a direct right-hand high-level punch (URAKEN GANMEN UCHI), right elbow resting on the back of the left fist (in a left KAGI TSUKI-position), to the opponent’s face, with KIAI. Look in front of you.
28. Turn the head to the right.
29. Make a right nami gaeshi (kick sweep up the right foot).
30. The nami gaeshi ends into kiba-dachi, simultaneously block a right Chudan Ude Uke (fist in TETTSUI in blocking direction), left fist always under the right elbow.
31. Turn the head to the left.
32. Make a left nami gaeshi.
33. The nami gaeshi ends into kiba-dachi, simultaneously block with the same arm a CHUDAN Ude Uke (fist turns) to the left, left fist still under the right elbow.
34. In the same position make a left Koshi no kamae (right fist obove the left one) and turn face to the right.
35. Strike a MOROTE TSUKI to the right (simultaneously a right JUN TSUKI, right hand slightly ahead comes down below shoulder height, and a left KAGI TSUKI) with KIAI.
36. Move the right foot back into Heisoku Dachi and both fists in HIKITE (still looking to the right). Then stretch both arms and look forward.
The Kata is completed after the command NAORE the FUDO DACHI position is taken.

At the command Yasmeerelax and at ease.


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Naifanchin Shodan

Naifanchin Shodan
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Naifanchin Shodan


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Chudan Oi Tsuki


Uke Waza

Gedan Barai


Geri Waza


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Hikite - 引き手 means drawing hand: Hiku - 引き, to draw or pull, and Te - 手, the hand.Hikite
Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume


Naifanchin Nidan
video instructions

Naifanchin Nidan is the shortest Naifanchin Kata, consisting of 24 movements. Similar to Naifanchin Shodan in many ways, this Kata is also performed almost entirely in horse stance, with the exception of a few crossing steps and one heisoku dachi. The objective in this Kata is to develop grabbing, throwing, and locking applications while maintaining a strong kiba dachi.

To accomplish this, the student is introduced to many new techniques such as ryo-zenwan-suhei-kamae, zenwan-shomen-gedan-kensei, and oshi-uke. The use of tsukami-uke in this kata teaches how to draw an opponent in for counter-attack.


# Explanation step by step 9e Kyu
Begin the Kata in FUDO DACHI. On the command Naifanchin Nidan move the right foot into Heisoku Dachi. Place the right open hand over the left one (opposite as in MOSUBI DACHI KAMAE).

At the command REI bow.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI move to the right into left MAE KAKE ASHI DACHI (left foot crossed before right foot), with a fist position similar to the start-position of Uraken Saya Uchi, except the fists have some space between them.
2. Move to the right into KIBA DACHI and strike right URAKEN JODAN UCHI.
3. Move to the right into left MAE KAKE ASHI DACHI (left foot crossed before right foot), with a setup for right UCHI UKE with a left SASAE UKE (augmented/supported wrist block with left SHUTO hand in front of your body).
4. Move to the right into KIBA DACHI and make the right UCHI UKE with a left SASAE UKE (supported by the left hand).
5. Move to the right into HEISOKU DACHI, with a fist position similar to the start-position of Uraken Saya Uchi, except the fists have some space between them.
6. Move to the left into KIBA DACHI and strike left URAKEN JODAN UCHI.
7. Move to the left into right MAE KAKE ASHI DACHI (right foot crossed before left foot), with a setup for left UCHI UKE with a right SASAE UKE (augmented/supported wrist block with right Shotei hand in front of your body).
8. Move to the left into KIBA DACHI and make the left UCHI UKE with a right SASAE UKE (supported by the right hand).
9. In the same Kiba Dachi make a left WAKI KAMAE (right fist on top of a left open hand).
10. In the same Kiba Dachi block with a right UCHI UKE with a left SASAE UKE (augmented/supported wrist block with left SHUTO hand in front of your body).
11. In the same position pull back your right fist in the ready punch position and the open left SHUTO hand is placed horizontally on the front of the right fist, at the same time hook with the right leg (like a De Achi Barai). Finish to the right and step into KIBA DACHI, and make a short HIJI UCHI movement with the right elbow, covering the right closed fist with a left open SHUTO hand (upwards).
12. Still in the same position make a right Jodan Kake uke followed with a left KAGI TSUKI.
13. Move to the right into left MAE KAKE ASHI DACHI (left foot crossed before right foot), make a left UCHI UKE and at the same time hook with the right leg (like a De Achi Barai) and step in Kiba Dachi.
14. In the same Kiba Dachi make a right JODAN UKE / GEDAN BARAI (ending with right fist upwards) and strike with a right URAKEN GAMNEN UCHI (movement right elbow ends on a left KAGI TSUKI-position) with KIAI.
15. In the same Kiba Dachi make a right WAKI KAMAE (left fist on top of a right open hand).
16. In the same Kiba Dachi block with a left UCHI UKE with a right SASAE UKE (augmented/supported wrist block with right Shuto hand).
17. In the same position pull back your left fist in the ready punch position and the open right SHUTO hand is placed horizontally on the front of the left fist, at the same time hook with the left leg (like a De Achi Barai). Finish to the left and step into KIBA DACHI, and make a short HIJI UCHI movement with the left elbow, covering the right closed fist with a right open SHUTO hand (upwards).
18. Still in the same position make a left Jodan Kake uke followed with a right KAGI TSUKI.
19. Move to the left into right MAE KAKE ASHI DACHI (right foot crossed before left foot), make a right UCHI UKE and at the same time hook with the left leg (like a De Achi Barai) and step in Kiba Dachi.
20. In the same Kiba Dachi make a left JODAN UKE / GEDAN BARAI (ending with left fist upwards) and strike with a left URAKEN GAMNEN UCHI (movement left elbow ends on a right KAGI TSUKI-position) with KIAI.

The Kata is completed after the command NAORE, moving the left foot back to the right one into HEISOKU DACHI and both fists in ready position (still looking to the left). Then stretch both arms and look forward. After the command Yasmee the FUDO DACHI position is taken.


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Video

Taikyoku sono Ni
source Youtube


Documentation

Instructions Taikyoku sono Ni


Kihon Waza
Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Jodan Oi Tsuki


Uke Waza

Gedan Barai


Geri Waza


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Hikite - 引き手 means drawing hand: Hiku - 引き, to draw or pull, and Te - 手, the hand.Hikite
Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume


Naifanchin Sandan
video instructions

The last Naifanchin Kata, Naifanchin Sandan, has 36 movements. It is a very quick Kata, having a rapid timing with many consecutive techniques performed without pause. T3 offers some new techniques such as zenwan-uchiotoshi, zenwan-hineri, and zenwan-gedan-furisute. Many of the techniques in T3 are executed with the "added hand" (soete) for additional support. T3 teaches the student that the added hand may also be used for grabbing or trapping an opponent's techniques. Much of the bunkai of this kata revolve around this idea of "trapping," meaning to immobilize the adversary's attacking limbs so that they cannot make further attacks.


Video

Naifanchin Sandan
source Youtube