Pinan sono San - 平安三段

# Explanation step by step 6e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO SAN followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI move the left foot to the left and turn 90° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left UCHI UKE.
2. Bring the right foot to the left foot into MUSUBI DACHI and at the same time position the right hand in a GEDAN BARAI position. Block right UCHI UKE / GEDAN BARAI.
3. Block left Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai.
4. Move the right foot back 180° clockwise into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right UCHI UKE.
5. Bring the left foot to the right foot into MUSUBI DACHI and at the same time position the left hand in a GEDAN BARAI position. Block left UCHI UKE / GEDAN BARAI.
6. Block right Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai.
7. Move the left foot at 90° counterclockwise into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block MOROTE UCHI UKE.
8. Block left SHUTO OSAE UKE and return the right hand open to the ready punch position. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and strike right CHUDAN YONHON NUKITE.
9. Pivot on the right foot in an counterclockwise 180° and spin into KIBA DACHI, simultaneously the left arm comes over the right one (hands are closing to a fist). On completion of the turn, into KIBA DACHI, strike left TETTSUI JODAN YOKO UCHI .
10. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI, punch right CHUDAN OI TSUKI with KIAI.
11. Pivot on the right foot and turn 180° counterclockwise into MUSUBI DACHI simultaneously placing the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (both of fists are facing forward on the hips).

After this position has been taken there is a slight pause for a mental count of two before the next technique.
12. Kick right JODAN MAE GERI bring the foot back and place it down turning your body 90° counterclockwise into KIBA DACHI, immediately block with right CHUDAN HIJI UKE, keeping the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (1).
13. Strike right URAKEN CHUDAN YOKO UCHI and return the fist to the hip position.
14. Kick left JODAN MAE GERI bring the foot back and place it down turning your body 90° clockwise into KIBA DACHI, immediately block left CHUDAN HIJI UKE, , keeping the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (2).
15. Strike left URAKEN CHUDAN YOKO UCHI and return the fist to the hip position.
16. Kick right JODAN MAE GERI bring the foot back and place it down turning your body 90° counterclockwise into KIBA DACHI, immediately block with right CHUDAN HIJI UKE, , keeping the fists in RYO KEN KOSHI KAMAE (3).
17. Strike right URAKEN CHUDAN YOKO UCHI and return the fist to the hip position.
18. Move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch left CHUDAN OI TSUKI.
19. Move the right foot forward to the left (into HEIKO DACHI), immediately move across into KIBA DACHI and continue the movement by KAITEN ASHI (turning 180° counterclockwise on the right foot) into another KIBA DACHI, simultaneously strike left USHIRO HIJI ATE and right JODAN USHIRO TSUKI.
20. Keeping the arms in the same position jump to the right, leading with the left foot (hook your leg), land in KIBA DACHI and strike right USHIRO HIJI-ATE and left USHIRO TSUKI with KIAI.
20. On the NAORE command return to FUDO DACHI (pull left foot back to the base position).

Video

Pinan sono San - source Youtube


Information Kata

The Pinan Kata were originated in Okinawa by Anko Itosu sensei from older Kata such as Kusanku and Channan into forms suitable for teaching Karate to young students. When Gichin Funakoshi brought Karate to Japan, he renamed the Kata to Heian, which is translated as ‘peaceful and safe’. Pinan - 平安 is the Okinawan pronunciation of the characters Hei - 平, meaning 'peace', and An - 安, meaning 'relax'. Though the physical moves of Kata involve techniques used for fighting, the purpose of Kata is to develop a calm, peaceful mind and harmony between the mind and body.


The Pinan Kata were made in the form as we now know it by Anko Itosu sensei in 1905. Anko Itosu, a teacher on Okinawa, was born in the village of Yamagawa in the Shuri region. One of the stories surrounding the creation of this Kata claims that Anko Itosu learned the Kata from a Chinese man who lived in Okinawa and called it ‘Channan’. This original form of the Channan Kata has been lost. But, it's more likely that Anko Itosu created a Pinan Dai from the older Kata: Kusanku Dai, Gojushiho and maybe Bassai Dai. This Kata had to act as a beginner Kata for school lessons and be easier to learn than the more complex and advanced Kata that are usually taught later. After completing his new Kata, Pinan Dai ('the great Pinan'), he changed his mind about learning such a long Kata for beginners and cut it into five parts and then renamed it by analogy of Godai - 五大, the Japanese Five Elements Philosophy: Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Emptiness.


Masutatsu Oyama implemented the five Pinan Kata in Kyokushin Karate with a few modifications, to adapt the Kata to the Kyokushin system, with its own modes and techniques, where more emphasis is placed on strength. In the 1980s, Masutatsu Oyama developed the Pinan Kata – URA. De Ura or 'reverse' Kata, were a form to develop balance and skill in circular movements (turning) against multiple opponents.


Once these five Pinan Katas and their applications have been mastered, the Karateka can be confident in his/her ability to defend themselve in most situations, keeping him/her safe from being harm. The Pinans are taught to various beginner ranks according to their difficulty.


This is the third Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Sandan - 平安三段, is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. It develops also a number of defensive and attacking techniques. Body positioning is developed with the execution of different stands. Pinan sono San contains many techniques for close combat and focuses on the usage of Kiba Dachi. This Kata is considered the Fire element. Think of fire and see how the flames move. Compare these movements to those of the Kata. The Kata starts small, travels with the wind in fast forward movements. Pinan Sandan is the most peculiar of all base Kata.


Known as the Northern Kata within Kyokushin Karate, Pinan sono Ichi was adapted by Sosai Masutatsu Oyama from his background in the Shuri-Te tradition, as 4th than in Shotokan Karate, which he learned from sensei Gichin Funakoshi.


Documentation

Pinan Kata 平安 - Nl
Instructions Pinan sono San


Kihon Waza

Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi
Mosubi Dachi
Kiba Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Chudan Yonhon Nukite
Tettsui Jodan Yoko Uchi
Chudan Oi Tsuki
Uraken Sayu Ganmen Uchi
Hiji Ushiro Ate
Jodan Ushiro Tsuki


Uke Waza

Uchi Uke
Uchi Uke / Gedan Barai
Morote Uchi Uke
Shuto Osae Uke
Hiji Chudan Ate


Geri Waza

Jodan Mae Geri


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Ryo Ken Koshi Kamae
Kaiten Ashi
Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume