Pinan sono Ni - 平安二段

# Explanation step by step 6e Kyu
Begin the KATA from the base KAMAE position in FUDO DACHI. On the command PINAN SONO NI followed by the command YOI start perform a slow YOI DACHI that ends in HEIKO DACHI.
1. On the command HAJIME/ICHI move the left foot to the left and turn turn left 90° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and pull simultaneously the right fist back to the right side in the ready punch position and the left fist is positioned immediately on, and vertical to, the right fist (right WAKI NO KAMAE). Execute simultaneously the left arm in UCHI UKE and the right arm in JODAN UKE.
2. Still in the KOKUTSU DACHI block the opponent's attack firmly with right TETTSUI HIZO UCHI . The left fist is simultaneously brought back over the right shoulder so that the elbow is level with the jaw (n.b. the back of the fist faces upwards). Slide through with the left leg into KIBA DACHI, looking to the left and attack with left TETTSUI JODAN YOKO UCHI, simultaneously pull the right fist into the HIKITE (ready punch) position.
3. Pull the right leg back into right KOKUTSU DACHI, at the same time turning the body 180° clockwise, simultaneously the left fist back to the left side in the ready punch position and the right fist is positioned immediately on, and vertical to, the left fist (left WAKI NO KAMAE). Execute simultaneously the right arm in UCHI UKE and the left arm in JODAN UKE.
4. Still in the KOKUTSU DACHI block the opponent's attack firmly with left TETTSUI HIZO UCHI. Slide through with the right leg into KIBA DACHI, looking to the right and attack with right TETTSUI JODAN YOKO UCHI , simultaneously pull the left fist into the HIKITE position.
5. Bring the right leg back turning 90° counterclockwise into TSURU ASHI DACHI and simultaneously bring the fists into left WAKI no KAMAE. Kick JODAN YOKO GERI and strike URAKEN JODAN YOKO UCHI with the right fist (n.b. the left fist remains in the ready punch position).

Place the right foot on the ground behind the left foot and turn 180° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.

6. Move forward into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE (1).
7. Move forward into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE (2).
8. While moving into right ZENKUTSU DACHI, block left SHOTEI OSAE UKE, and at the the end of the movement strike right CHUDAN YONHON NUKITE with KIAI.
9. Move the left foot at 90° counterclockwise and pivot on the right foot into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
10. Move forward at 45° clockwise into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
11. Move the right foot 135° clockwise and pivot on the left foot into right KOKUTSU DACHI and block right SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
12. Move forward at 45° counterclockwise into left KOKUTSU DACHI and block left SHUTO MAWASHI UKE.
13. Move the left leg across at 45° counterclockwise to the left into left ZENKUTSU DACHI, simultaneously bring the left hand to the level of your right jaw (inside of your hand is faced outwards) and the right hand in addition block the opponent’s kick with right HAITO UKE (as if scooping up). Continue this movement slowly (in 3 seconds) by closing the hands and making a right UCHI UKE.
14. Keeping the arms in position and kick right JODAN MAE GERI and move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch left CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI.
15. Block slowly with left UCHI UKE in a count of three. Keeping the arms in this position and kick left JODAN MAE GERI and move forward into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and punch right CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI.
16. Move forward into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right MOROTE CHUDAN UKE (the right fist should come from the left shoulder).
17. Slide the left foot at 270° counterclockwise and pivot on the right foot into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block GEDAN BARAI.
18. In the same stance strike directly with the left hand JODAN NIHON NUKITE at 45° clockwise and move forward MIGI MAE NANAME at 45° clockwise into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block right JODAN UKE.
19. Slide the right foot across and turn 135° clockwise to the right into right ZENKUTSU DACHI and block GEDAN BARAI.
20. In the same stance strike directly with the right hand a right JODAN NIHON NUKITE at 45° counterclockwise and move forward HIDARI MAE NANAME at 45° counterclockwise into left ZENKUTSU DACHI and block left JODAN UKE and KIAI.
On the NAORE command return 45° counterclockwise to the left into FUDO DACHI (pull left foot back to the base position, stil looking right until the turn is completed).

At the command YASUME relax and at ease.

Video

Pinan sono Ni - source Youtube


Information Kata

The Pinan Kata were originated in Okinawa by Anko Itosu sensei from older Kata such as Kusanku and Channan into forms suitable for teaching Karate to young students. When Gichin Funakoshi brought Karate to Japan, he renamed the Kata to Heian, which is translated as ‘peaceful and safe’. Pinan - 平安 is the Okinawan pronunciation of the characters Hei - 平, meaning 'peace', and An - 安, meaning 'relax'. Though the physical moves of Kata involve techniques used for fighting, the purpose of Kata is to develop a calm, peaceful mind and harmony between the mind and body.


The Pinan Kata were made in the form as we now know it by Anko Itosu sensei in 1905. Anko Itosu, a teacher on Okinawa, was born in the village of Yamagawa in the Shuri region. One of the stories surrounding the creation of this Kata claims that Anko Itosu learned the Kata from a Chinese man who lived in Okinawa and called it ‘Channan’. This original form of the Channan Kata has been lost. But, it's more likely that Anko Itosu created a Pinan Dai from the older Kata: Kusanku Dai, Gojushiho and maybe Bassai Dai. This Kata had to act as a beginner Kata for school lessons and be easier to learn than the more complex and advanced Kata that are usually taught later. After completing his new Kata, Pinan Dai ('the great Pinan'), he changed his mind about learning such a long Kata for beginners and cut it into five parts and then renamed it by analogy of Godai - 五大, the Japanese Five Elements Philosophy: Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Emptiness.


Masutatsu Oyama implemented the five Pinan Kata in Kyokushin Karate with a few modifications, to adapt the Kata to the Kyokushin system, with its own modes and techniques, where more emphasis is placed on strength. In the 1980s, Masutatsu Oyama developed the Pinan Kata – URA. De Ura or 'reverse' Kata, were a form to develop balance and skill in circular movements (turning) against multiple opponents.


Once these five Pinan Katas and their applications have been mastered, the Karateka can be confident in his/her ability to defend themselve in most situations, keeping him/her safe from being harm. The Pinans are taught to various beginner ranks according to their difficulty.


This is the second Kata of the Pinan group, Pinan Nidan - 平安二段, is loosely based on an I-shaped Embusen. It develops also a number of defensive and attacking techniques. Body positioning is developed with the execution of different stands. In Pinan Sono Ni the ballance and the control of the body are focused upon. This Kata is considered the ‘Water’ Kata, fast and smooth, Pinan Nidan comes to his own in smooth and relaxed movements.


Known as the Northern Kata within Kyokushin Karate, Pinan sono Ichi was adapted by Sosai Masutatsu Oyama from his background in the Shuri-Te tradition, as 4th than in Shotokan Karate, which he learned from sensei Gichin Funakoshi.


Documentation

Pinan Kata 平安 - Nl
Instructions Pinan sono Ni


Kihon Waza

Dachi Waza

Fudo Dachi
Joi Dachi
Heiko Dachi
Kokutsu Dachi
Kiba Dachi
Tsuri Ashi Dachi
Zenkutsu Dachi


Te Waza

Tettsui Hizo Uchi
Tettsui Jodan Yoko Uchi
Uraken Jodan Yoko Uchi
Chudan Yonhon Nukite
Chudan Gyaku Tsuki
Jodan Yonhon Nukite


Uke Waza

Uchi Uke / Jodan Uke
Shuto Mawashi Uke
Shotei Osae Uke
Haito Uke
Morote Uchi Uke
Gedan Barai
Jodan Uke


Geri Waza

Jodan Yoko Geri
Jodan Mae Geri


Kihon Jutsugo

Kamae - 構え, means posture or base. Kamae is to be differentiated from the word Dachi - 立ち. Dachi refers to the position of the body from the waist down, Kamae refers to the posture of the entire body, as well as encompassing one's mental readiness.Kamae
Hajime - 始め, means begin.Hajime
Hikite - 引き手 means drawing hand: Hiku - 引き, to draw or pull, and Te - 手, the hand.Hikite
Waki no Kamae
Migi Mae Naname
Hidari Mae Naname

Naore - 直れ, is a command to go back into the beginning Kamae.Naore
Yasumi - 休み, is a command to rest or relax.Yasume